Three New Forensic Documents From ASB

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Source: Teresa Ambrosius, ASB Secretariat

The AAFS Standards Board (ASB) is pleased to announce the publication of three new documents.

ANSI/ASB Standard 030, Standard for a Quality Assurance Program in Bloodstain Pattern Analysis, First Edition. This document provides requirements for establishing and maintaining a documented quality assurance program in bloodstain pattern analysis to forensic service providers. A quality assurance program is necessary to ensure the quality of the work product that comes from any forensic service provider.

ANSI/ASB Standard 044, Standard for Examination of Documents for Indentations, First Edition. This standard summarizes commonly accepted techniques, technologies, and procedures used by forensic document examiners for the examination of documents for indentations.

ANSI/ASB Standard 090, Standard for Sex Estimation in Forensic Anthropology, First Edition. This standard sets forth methods for estimating sex from adult skeletal elements obtained directly from skeletal remains or radiographic images of skeletal remains. The methods in this standard provide a morphologically based or mathematically based scientific manner for estimating sex and for documenting the sex estimation process. This document does not include sex estimation in skeletal elements from subadults or through DNA analysis.

ASB documents are available for download in the Published Documents portion of the ASB website.

The is an ANSI-accredited Standards Developing Organization with the purpose of providing accessible, high-quality, science-based consensus forensic standards. The ASB is a wholly owned subsidiary of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (AAFS), established in 2015, and accredited by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) in 2016. The ASB is partially funded by a grant through the Laura and John Arnold Foundation.

The ASB consists of Consensus Bodies (CB), which are open to all materially interested and affected individuals, companies, and organizations; a Board of Directors; and Staff.

ABOUT ANSI: ANSI facilitates the development of American National Standards (ANS) by accrediting the procedures of Standards Developing Organizations (SDOs). Accreditation by ANSI signifies that the procedures used by the standards body in connection with the development of ANS meet the Institute’s essential requirements for openness, balance, consensus, and due process.

The National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act (NTTAA) of 1995 (Public Law 104-113) and its implementation directive, Office of Management and Budget Circular A-119, direct federal agencies to utilize voluntary consensus standards where feasible and to participate as appropriate in voluntary consensus standards development activities. Standards developed in accordance with ANSI’s accreditation requirements satisfy obligations incumbent on federal agencies to use or adopt voluntary consensus standards.

In order to maintain ANSI accreditation, standards developers are required to consistently adhere to a set of requirements or procedures that govern the consensus development process. These requirements are set forth in a document known as the ANSI Essential Requirements: Due process requirements for American National Standards (

Due process is the key to ensuring that ANS are developed in an environment that is equitable, accessible, and responsive to the requirements of various stakeholders. The open and fair ANS process ensures that all interested and affected parties have an opportunity to participate in a standard’s development. It also serves and protects the public interest since standards developers accredited by ANSI must meet the Institute’s essential requirements and other due process safeguards.